Dark Outpost 02-18-2021 Mass Executions At Gitmo Since January 6th

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Since January 6th, there have been multiple executions of high level VIP prisoners at Guantanamo Bay. All famous people arre…
— Read on www.bitchute.com/video/sCUNQE2wlRDu/

Understanding the Dangers of Innovation Zones and Smart Cities

Understanding The Dangers Of Innovation Zones And Smart Cities

smart cities
Following the news that Nevada Governor Steve Sisolak plans to launch so-called “Innovation Zones” where tech companies can create their own cities and governments, privacy advocates are responding with fear and concern.

During his State of the State address in mid-January, Nevada Governor Steve Sisolak noted that the state is suffering because of the COVID-19 restrictions and the effect on tourism. Sisolak called on the launch of “Innovation Zones”, a plan aimed at bringing companies working on “groundbreaking technologies” to Nevada and turning the state into the “epicenter of this emerging industry and creating the high paying jobs and revenue that go with it.” However, in these Innovation Zones, corporations are given the power to collect taxes, and essentially, operate as a quasi-independent government.

While the full plan for the Innovation Zones has yet to be released, The Las Vegas Review-Journal obtained a draft copy of proposed legislation which would grant tech corporations previously unheard of powers within the jurisdiction of these zones. The draft of the legislation states that traditional local governments are “inadequate alone to provide the flexibility and resources conducive to making the State a leader in attracting and retaining new forms and types of businesses and fostering economic development in emerging technologies and innovative industries.” In response, the draft calls for an “alternative form of local government”.

This “alternative form of local government” will be built around the use of innovative technologies, including:

    • Blockchain
    • Autonomous technology
    • Internet of Things
    • Robotics
    • Artificial intelligence
    • Wireless technology
    • Biometrics
    • Renewable resources

While the zones would at first operate under the authority of the county in which they are located, the legislation describes how tech companies could use Innovation Zones to form their own separate government that would act as the equivalent to a county authority. These zones would have the ability to impose taxes, form school districts and local court systems, and provide government services. The zone would have a board of supervisors with the same powers as a board of county commissioners.

During his State of the State address, Sisolak noted that Blockchains, LLC was committed to developing a “smart city” east of Reno which would run on blockchain technology. Blockchain technology is essentially a digital ledger that cannot be altered. The concept was first popularized because of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency. Digital tech experts have been predicting for years that blockchain technology would revolutionize our world by integrating with various industries. Some blockchain enthusiasts believe the technology could remove the need for centralized institutions, like banks and governments. Others worry that the use of blockchain will lead to a future where every interaction is logged on a public blockchain.

Blockchains CEO Jeffrey Berns has been promoting his vision of a blockchain smart city since 2018, when the company purchased 67,000 acres of land in the Tahoe Reno Industrial Center, which also houses Google and Tesla. Berns first revealed his plans for the blockchain city in November 2018 at the Prague Blockchain Week event.

“Imagine a world where anybody, anywhere can collaborate, establish the rules of that collaboration, enforce those rules, exchange value, and do it all on the blockchain,” Berns said during his talk. “No government. No bank. No corporation. Just trusting in math.”

While Berns claims to be concerned with the growth of Big Tech companies and aims to use blockchain to eliminate the need for banks, corporations, or governments – ideas which are popular among libertarians and crypto-anarchists – his company also describes a vision where all life is placed on the blockchain. The Blockchains websitedescribes how smart devices could be connected to a blockchain:

“By connecting smart devices to a blockchain – from smartphones and computers to internet-enabled cars, smart locks, advanced manufacturing machines, and security systems – we can facilitate marketplaces, payment services, or even a sharing economy for the Internet of Things. This makes possible not just peer-to-peer transactions, but even machine-to-machine payments for services, from tollbooth payments to battery storage, consumption, and trading. Best of all, because these interactions are on a blockchain, they will not rely on financial intermediaries or be subject to the security risks inherent in centralized data storage systems.”

Of course, blockchains are a tool. As with any tool their purpose is defined by the person wielding or creating the tool. A blockchain can be created with privacy, transparency, and speed in mind. Additionally, a developer could create a blockchain where every interaction is stored and publicly available for any company, government, or individual to see. What matters is how the technology is applied. Berns may care about privacy and have a desire to eliminate centralized authorities, but not all blockchains are equal and it seems inevitable that less savory actors will come along and attempt to use blockchain, Innovation Zones, and “smart cities” for the purposes of monitoring and controlling the population within the city.

For example, it has been reportedthat the infamous Bill Gates and his investment firm Belmont Partners purchased a 25,000-acre plot of land near Arizona for $80 million. Gates and Belmont Partners plan to built a smart city named “Belmont”. Details on what exactly will take place within Belmont are scarce, but Gates has said he intends to grow the population to nearly 200,000 people in the coming years. However, based on Gates’ role in the COVID-19 operation, his plans to control farmland, block out the sun, genetically engineer the food supply, and vaccinate the world, it seems unlikely that Belmont will be a place that values privacy and individual liberty.

The Danger of Smart Cities and the Lack of Privacy Protections

The smart city trend is apparently rising as more corporations and local governments are seeking to partner together in various types of special economic or innovation zones. India has pledged to build100 smart cities, Africa is seeing $100 billion pumped into at least 20 projects, and China reportedly has as many as 500 of its own smart city pilots. Saudi Arabia has also jumped into the fray with Neom, a $500 billion project that could one day rival Silicon Valley. The city will be larger than New York City and is being promoted as the center for “the next era of human progress”.

Clearly, smart cities are not going away. However, what is often not mentioned is that these smart, autonomous cities also involve massive invasions of privacy, and in some cases, giving up the right to drive or own a vehicle.

One current example of a so-called “smart city’ is the Songdo International Business District (Songdo IBD), a 1,500 acre stretch of land along the Incheon waterfront, just 20 miles southwest of Seoul, South Korea. The project was built from the ground up on reclaimed land at a cost of about $35 million. The Guardian previously described Songdo as, “a place where the garbage is automatically sucked away through underground pipes, where lampposts are always watching you, and where your apartment block knows to send the elevator down to greet you when it detects the arrival of your car. Sensors in every street track traffic flow and send alerts to your phone when it’s going to snow, while you can monitor the children’s playground on TV from the comfort of your sofa.”

smart cities

Songdo was designed not simply as a smart city, but a “ubiquitous city”, a smart city with “ubiquitous” technology. A city where computers and sensors are built into the buildings and streets, sensors are gathering information on daily life, traffic, and energy consumption. As WorldCrunch described it, “In Songdo, everything has a “U” in front of it: U-traffic, U-safety, U-governance, U-health, and of course U-entertainment. The “U” stands for “ubiquitous,” omnipresent. In other words: Big Brother is here.”

According to the “International Case Studies of Smart Cities: Songdo, Republic of Korea”, Songdo offers a number of safety and environmental measures to make life safer and more sustainable. However, there is no mention of privacy protections or the implications of having a living city that is connected to the grid and listening to it’s citizens on a daily basis. The report states that, “Songdo U-City collects 24-hour real-time data from on-site equipment such as CCTV, various sensor devices, traffic detectors.”

Smart Cities

Additionally, there is a central command center where all “footage from crime prevention, disaster prevention, environment, and traffic surveillance cameras” is monitored to provide useful information to the citizens. Internet of Things sensors installed in houses and building are also designed to provide “real-time information to users, of how much energy has been consumed and what measures can be taken to minimize utility bill.” The plan for Songdo also envisions a driverless city where residents use ride sharing services like SOCAR exclusively.

Again, there is no mention of privacy or data protections for the residents of Songdo. However, we already have examples of how a lack of privacy protections can be disastrous for residents of Smart Cities.

Quayside is a planned smart city that has been in the works since 2016. Located on 12 acres of waterfront property southeast of downtown Toronto, Canada, Quayside represents a joint effort by the Canadian government agency, Waterfront Toronto, and Sidewalk Labs, which is owned by Google’s parent company Alphabet. Sidewalk Labs claims Quayside will solve traffic congestion, rising home prices and environmental pollution. Unfortunately, residents of Quayside will be using a centralized identity management system through which they access public services, such as library cards and health care. This means their data will be highly centralized, leaving it open to access by hackers and law enforcement. In fact, Quayside has consistently faced pushback due to a failure to build-in the necessary privacy protections.

At least two officials involved in the project have resigned. Saadia Muzaffar resigned from Waterfront Toronto in protest after the board showed “apathy and a lack of leadership regarding shaky public trust.” In October 2018, Ann Cavoukian, one of Canada’s leading privacy experts and Ontario’s former privacy commissioner, also resigned from the project. Cavoukian was brought on by Sidewalk Toronto as a consultant to help install a “privacy by design” framework. She was initially told that all data collected from residents would be deleted and rendered unidentifiable. She later learned that third parties would have access to identifiable information gathered at Quayside.

“I imagined us creating a Smart City of Privacy, as opposed to a Smart City of Surveillance,” she wrote in her resignation letter. “I have to resign because you committed to embedding privacy by design into every aspect of your operation.”

The fears around Quayside grew in late October 2019, when The Globe and Mail reported that previously unseen documents from Sidewalk Labs detailed how people living in a Sidewalk community would interact with and have access to the space around them. This experience in the proposed smart city largely depends on how much data you’re willing to share, which could be used to reward or punish people for their behavior.

Although the document – known internally as the “yellow book” – was designed as a pitch book for the company and predates Sidewalk’s formal agreements with the City of Toronto, it does provide a vision of what the Google sister company would like to do. Specifically, the document details how Sidewalk will require tax and financing authority to finance and provide services, including the ability to “impose, capture and reinvest property taxes.” The company would also create and control its public services, including charter schools, special transit systems and a private road infrastructure.

The document also describes reputation-based tools that sound disturbingly similar to the social credit system we have seen in TV shows like Black Mirror and those unfolding in modern China. These tools would lead to a “new currency for community co-operation,” effectively establishing a social credit system. Sidewalk could use these tools to “hold people or businesses accountable” while rewarding good behavior with easier access to loans and public services.

In response to the document leaks, Sidewalk spokesperson Keerthana Rang said, “The ideas contained in this 2016 internal paper represent the result of a wide-ranging brainstorming process very early in the company’s history.”

Perhaps due in part to the push back against privacy invasions, in November 2019 Sidewalk Labs released a 482-page Digital Innovation Appendix stating that none of Quayside’s systems will incorporate facial recognition, and that Sidewalk Labs won’t sell personal information or use it for advertising. Sidewalk Labs says it will require explicit consent to share personal information with third parties.

Whether Sidewalk Labs, Blockchains LLC, Bill Gates, and others’ involved in the creation of Smart Cities will respect individual privacy remains to be seen. Regardless, the importance of these protections cannot be overstated. In April 2018, the American Civil Liberties Union released a guide detailing important questions that should be asked by city officials seeking to join the Smart City craze. The guide, “How to Prevent Smart Cities from Turning to Surveillance Cities”, was written by Matt Cagle, an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California.

In a previous interview, Cagle told me that “smart city technology can be a wolf in sheep’s clothing”because “it can be another way for the government to amass information that it may not have wanted to collect for law enforcement purposes.”

This technology is often going to be collected by companies that have developed it,” Cagle continued. “So it’s really important for the city and the community to be on the same page about who’s going to own this data as we go forward with this project, who’s going to be able to sell this data, and at the end of the day are communities in control of these technologies.”

Smart Cities Are Only The Beginning

In early February, South Korean President Moon Jae-in said the government will invest $8.8 billion into South Korea’s “smart city” project nationwide by 2025. “The key to smart cities is to establish an intelligence-type city operation system by utilizing urban data collected from CCTVs and sensors,” Moon said in his speech at the Smart City Integrated Operation Center of Songdo. “First, (the government) will realize ‘smart cities’ nationwide more speedily and digitalize the public infrastructure, like roads and railways.”

With the exporting of smart city models from Korea and recent announcements about building a smart “eco-city” in Singapore, it appears the smart city trend is not going anywhere. For the moment, these innovation zones and smart cities are simply marketing tools designed to bring people and money to the newly created cities. They are voluntary, with people freely choosing to live there and to leave if they are unhappy. However, with the understanding that the goal is to turn all cities into “smart cities”, we need to ask what happens if the smart grid is everywhere and there is nowhere to go.

In a future where all towns and cities are outfitted with the latest smart tech, fighting to maintain privacy and freedom of movement is crucial. It’s also important to understand the “innovation zones”, “special economic zones”, and “smart cities” in the context of the World Economic Forum’s “The Great Reset” vision. How do these emerging technologies and concepts play a role in fomenting the centralized, authoritarian vision imagined by the talking heads at the WEF?

In my next investigation I will further illustrate how the push for Smart Cities is directly related to Klaus Schwab, Bill Gates, and the push towards a Great Reset.

Question Everything, Come To Your Own Conclusions.

Derrick Broze

Derrick Broze, a staff writer for The Last American Vagabond, is a journalist, author, public speaker, and activist. He is the co-host of Free Thinker Radio on 90.1 Houston, as well as the founder of The Conscious Resistance Network & The Houston Free Thinkers.


The Nevada Governor plans to launch “Innovation Zones” where tech companies can create governments & privacy advocates are very concerned.
— Read on www.thelastamericanvagabond.com/understanding-the-dangers-of-innovation-zones-and-smart-cities/

Kenyataan Akhbar KPK 19 Februari 2021 – Situasi Semasa Jangkitan Penyakit Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) di Malaysia

Kenyataan Akhbar KPK 19 Februari 2021 – Situasi Semasa Jangkitan Penyakit Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) di Malaysia

Kenyataan Akhbar KPK 19 Februari 2021 – Situasi Semasa Jangkitan Penyakit Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) di Malaysia
— Read on kpkesihatan.com/2021/02/19/kenyataan-akhbar-kpk-19-februari-2021-situasi-semasa-jangkitan-penyakit-coronavirus-2019-covid-19-di-malaysia/

Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero – RIA

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Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

Eric Hickman discusses why we should beware of the 4th-Wave of Covid-19.

I know everyone is tired of hearing about the virus. Some think it is overblown by the media, many want to focus on the positives, and others have had their lives upended and want to forget.

There are reasons for optimism. It is a new year with longer days and warmer temperatures. People continue to get inoculated with increasing speed. The approval of new vaccines continues as new cases, deaths, and hospitalizations from the third wave fall (see below). The 1918 Spanish Flu had three waves over about a year; the COVID-19 pandemic has had three over a year as well.

Indeed, this is about over, right?

COVID-19 Wave Rates, Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

COVID-19 Wave Rates, Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

Tuned Out?

It isn’t over, and financial markets don’t accept that yet. I realize suggesting anything negative about the virus is misanthropic, but the truth matters, and the optics are misleading.

New cases decrease in the third wave because we are past the holidays, not because of vaccinations. It is a common misconception the decrease we’ve seen in the virus is due to vaccinations. The two aren’t related, at least yet.

“The decline in cases is likely a natural drop after record travel followed by indoor holiday gatherings triggered a surge in infections.”  Dr. Sarita Shah, associate professor at Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health.

“We’ve seen these rises and falls in the COVID case counts now a few times, and they seem to really track along holidays or people’s movements,” Shah said.

To Early

“COVID-19 symptoms take between two to 14 days to appear after exposure, and cases peaked precisely two weeks after the Christmas holidays.” – Brittany Baker, undergraduate program coordinator and clinical assistant professor at North Carolina Central University.

Dr. Wafaa El-Sadr, professor of epidemiology and medicine at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health, said the falling case numbers couldn’t get attributed to the COVID-19 vaccine. Not even a tenth of the population has gotten vaccinated, according to the CDC.

“We’re vaccinating our most vulnerable populations right now, but once we start to move into the broad population, the population that’s driving the numbers. That’s when we’ll start to see an impact on the overall numbers,” Shah said.

She said Americans might start to see the vaccine’s influence on case numbers as early as the summer, but it will be more evident in the fall.

U.S.A Today, 02/06/2021, “Coronavirus cases are falling in the U.S., but experts say it’s not from the COVID-19 vaccine yet.”

New Sars-CoV-2 variants

As with all replicating biological entities, viruses change over time with random mutations to their genetic code (genome) when reproducing. Most mutations do not affect or are detrimental. Still, every once in a while, a random change (or series of changes) will alter a trait that increases its biological fitness – its competitive advantage in its environment. Beneficial mutations get carried forward to new generations, which crowd out the inferior older genome. Such is natural selection.

The process happens at a glacial pace in the life-forms we are most familiar with (say mammals) because reproduction takes years. Viruses replicate in a matter of hours to days, and more specifically, single-strand RNA viruses (of which the coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is one) replicate faster than other viruses.

Viruses that encode their genome in RNA, such as SARS-CoV-2, HIV and influenza, tend to pick up mutations quickly as they get copied inside their hosts, because enzymes that copy RNA are prone to making errors.

Nature.com, 09/08/2020, “The coronavirus is mutating – does it matter?”

The concerning new Sars-CoV-2 variants emerging from the U.K., South Africa, and Brazil have yet to become dominant in the U.S. On February 7, a study reported that the more transmissible U.K. variant is now “spreading rapidly in the U.S.” It could become the dominant strain by late March. Italy’s health ministry said on February 12 that the U.K. variant makes up 17.8% of cases and will likely become prevalent in the coming months. The vaccine-weakening South African and Brazilian variants got detected in the U.S. in January. There are now several cases dotted around the U.S. They will presumably gain traction as they did in their original countries. This process takes months.

COVID-19 Wave Rates, Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

New Variants

The variants detected recently in the U.K. and South Africa have several novel changes in their spike-protein genes.

Scientists think one mutation these variants share could help the virus attach to and enter cells. The recently detected variant from Brazil shares a key spike-protein mutation with the one from South Africa.

“What we’re seeing is exactly what we expect to see. The surface proteins of the virus are under tremendous pressure to change.” – Sean Whelan, a virologist at Washington University in St. Louis.

“All the virus really cares about is multiplying. If it can get into the cells of the [host] and avoid the immune system of that host, it will multiply. Whether it causes the disease is a different question.”

Some scientists worry that South Africa’s variant could be better at evading antibodies produced in response to natural infection and vaccination. Preliminary estimates suggest the variant from the U.K. is 50%–70% more transmissible than earlier versions of the virus. And U.K. scientists said recently that early data suggested it could also be deadlier.

The variants found in the U.K. and South Africa have become the dominant types in countries where they were first detected.

COVID-19 Wave Rates, Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

Chart Source: Wall Street Journal

COVID-19 Wave Rates, Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

Parallel Evolution

The variant from the U.K. has spread widely abroad. As of late January, it had been reported in 70 countries and territories. The variant from South Africa has been reported in more than 30, while the U.K. variant was detected in more than two dozen U.S. states through late January. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention projected it could become the dominant domestic strain by mid- to late March unless steps are taken to slow it. Variants first found in South Africa and Brazil have also been detected in the U.S.

WSJ, 01/30/2021, “How Coronavirus Mutations Are Taking Over”

Restricting travel between continents may prevent these variants from getting around, but there is another wrinkle to this. In biology, convergent or parallel evolution is a common yet counter-intuitive phenomenon. Independent lineages of a biological entity can arrive at similar evolutionary fitness solutions without any interaction between them. The similarity between the sugar glider (marsupial from Australia) and the flying squirrel (mammal from North America) is an example of this (image below).

COVID-19 Wave Rates, Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

Image Source: Getty/Encyclopedia Brittanica/UIG


The same phenomenon is happening with Sars-CoV-2 mutations. Critical mutations from the U.K. variant (N501Y) and the one shared by the South African and Brazilian variants (E484K) emerged independently in a now-deceased Boston COVID-19 patient with a prolonged continuous infection. There are quotes from a National Public Radio story below. But for those interested, it is an interesting read (or listen) found at the link below:

Li and his colleagues published their findings in The New England Journal of Medicine in early November 2020 with little fanfare. Then about a month later, the pandemic took a surprising turn – and this peculiar case in Boston took on a new importance.

Scientists in the U.K. and South Africa announced they had detected new variants of the coronavirus. These variants were causing huge surges of COVID-19 in these countries.

When researchers looked at the genes of these variants, guess what they found? A cluster of mutations that looked remarkably similar to the mutations found in the virus from the Boston patient. The sets of mutations weren’t exactly identical, but they shared important characteristics. They both had about 20 mutations, and they shared several key ones, including a mutation (N501Y) known to help the virus bind more tightly to human cells and another mutation (E484K) known to help the virus evade antibody detection.

National Public Radio, 2/5/2021, “Extraordinary Patient Offers Surprising Clues to Origins of Coronavirus Variants”

The virus may optimize itself to known mutations without spreading geographically, weakening the power of travel restrictions.

COVID-19 Wave Rates, Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

New Variants Will Emerge

The virus is just a little over one-year-old on its new metaphorical planet of “humans” and is still trying to find an evolutionary best fit. A safe assumption is that more variants will emerge.

“Look, there is going to be a whole cascade of these new variants. The virus moved between species. It migrated from the back end of a pangolin and to humans. And it’s got to adapt to humans. What we see now is it is getting better and better and more efficient at living in humans. And that we can see a set of other mutations coming down the line. So, I think we mustn’t say ‘ahh, well we now know what the mutations are going to look like.’ We don’t. There’s gonna be a set of other ones.”

U.K. Channel 4 news, 01/24/2021, Interview with Prominent Virologist Sir John Bell

Even though vaccination plans for developed-world adults are firming up, the developing world and children are less clear. As long as the virus circulates in humans anywhere, it will find new optimizations that will likely require vaccine alterations.

The more widespread infections remain globally, the more mutations will occur. A lingering pool of cases in poorer countries risks giving birth to resistant strains that force richer economies to lock down and start vaccinating all over again.

Financial Times, 02/05/2021, “The global race between vaccines and mutations”

Taken together, it is probable that the world will have at least one more severe wave of infections this spring and summer – a fourth wave – before the inoculated and previously infected can crowd out those with no protection. Re-vaccination (booster shots) for new variants add to this timeline.

Rates Will Fall Dramatically

Such isn’t doomsday, but at a minimum, it elongates the time until battered industries (hospitality, entertainment) will have a chance to recover. So far, markets continue to believe the pandemic is a net benefit to bigger businesses globally (all-time highs in public companies, see below).

COVID-19 Wave Rates, Eric Hickman: 4th-Wave Of COVID-19 Will Push Rates To Zero

The explanation for this is that it is only the small, non-public companies that are struggling.

That is far-fetched.

The pandemic will cost the world’s public companies in aggregate at some point. I wrote nine months ago that “COVID-19 Defies Hyperbole.” Even though risk-on markets had gone up when I suggested they would go down, I stand by my prediction. Apt fiscal and monetary injections forestalled a deeper contraction. Still, it is a delusion to think we will get out of this for free – especially in a world economy that was overdue for a retraction anyways.

Even without a fourth COVID-19 wave, the negative impact on jobs, rents, consumer demand, tax revenue, and entire economy segments (hospitality, entertainment) has yet to be considered seriously. As they become so, risk-on markets (stocks, commodities, crypto-currencies, houses, and non-G-7 currencies) will drop, and long-term U.S. Treasury yields will fall dramatically.   

Eric Hickman is president of Kessler Investment Advisors, Inc., an advisory firm located in Denver, Colorado, specializing in U.S. Treasury bonds.

While vaccines have given markets hope to an end of COVID-19, a fourth-wave may unravel overpriced markets sending rates to zero.
— Read on realinvestmentadvice.com/eric-hickman-4th-wave-of-covid-19-will-push-rates-to-zero/

Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar

Paparan Catatan: 1,712

Ditulis oleh Lance Roberts | 18 Feb 2021

Eric Hickman membincangkan mengapa kita harus berhati-hati dengan Gelombang Covid-19 ke-4.

Saya tahu semua orang bosan mendengar mengenai virus tersebut. Ada yang menganggapnya dilebihkan oleh media, banyak yang ingin memusatkan perhatian pada positif, dan yang lain telah menjalani kehidupan mereka dan ingin melupakannya.

Ada sebab untuk optimisme. Ini adalah tahun baru dengan hari yang lebih lama dan suhu yang lebih panas. Orang terus mendapat inokulasi dengan peningkatan kelajuan. Persetujuan vaksin baru berlanjutan apabila kes, kematian, dan kemasukan ke hospital baru dari gelombang ketiga jatuh (lihat di bawah). Selesema Sepanyol 1918 mempunyai tiga gelombang selama lebih kurang setahun; wabak COVID-19 telah mengalami tiga dalam setahun juga.

Betul, ini hampir berakhir, bukan?

Kadar Gelombang COVID-19, Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar

Kadar Gelombang COVID-19, Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar


Itu belum berakhir, dan pasaran kewangan belum menerimanya. Saya sedar bahawa menyarankan sesuatu yang negatif mengenai virus itu adalah misanthropic, tetapi kebenarannya penting, dan optiknya menyesatkan.

Kes baru menurun pada gelombang ketiga kerana kami sudah lewat cuti, bukan kerana vaksinasi. Ini adalah kesalahpahaman umum bahwa penurunan yang kita lihat dalam virus disebabkan oleh vaksinasi. Kedua-duanya tidak berkaitan, sekurang-kurangnya.

“Penurunan kes kemungkinan penurunan secara semula jadi setelah perjalanan rekor diikuti oleh pertemuan percutian dalam ruangan yang memicu lonjakan jangkitan.” – Dr. Sarita Shah, profesor bersekutu di Rollins School of Public Health di Emory University.

“Kami telah melihat kenaikan dan penurunan ini dalam jumlah kes COVID sekarang beberapa kali, dan mereka nampaknya benar-benar mengesan sepanjang cuti atau pergerakan orang,” kata Shah.

Terlalu awal

“Gejala COVID-19 memakan waktu antara dua hingga 14 hari untuk muncul setelah pendedahan, dan kes memuncak tepat dua minggu setelah cuti Krismas.” – Brittany Baker, penyelaras program sarjana muda dan penolong profesor klinikal di North Carolina Central University.

Dr. Wafaa El-Sadr, profesor epidemiologi dan perubatan di Mailman School of Public Health Columbia University, mengatakan jumlah kes yang jatuh tidak dapat dikaitkan dengan vaksin COVID-19. Bahkan sepersepuluh penduduk tidak mendapat vaksinasi, menurut CDC.

“Kami memvaksinasi populasi kami yang paling rentan sekarang, tetapi setelah kami mulai berpindah ke populasi yang luas, populasi yang mendorong jumlahnya. Ketika itulah kita akan mula melihat kesan pada jumlah keseluruhan, “kata Shah.

Dia mengatakan orang Amerika mungkin mula melihat pengaruh vaksin pada bilangan kes seawal musim panas, tetapi akan lebih jelas pada musim gugur.

A.S. Hari ini, 02/06/2021, “Kes-kes Coronavirus jatuh di A.S., tetapi para pakar mengatakan itu bukan dari vaksin COVID-19.”

Varian Sars-CoV-2 Baru

Seperti semua entiti biologi yang mereplikasi, virus berubah dari masa ke masa dengan mutasi rawak ke kod genetik mereka (genom) ketika membiak. Sebilangan besar mutasi tidak memberi kesan atau merugikan. Namun, sesekali, perubahan rawak (atau rangkaian perubahan) akan mengubah sifat yang meningkatkan kecergasan biologinya – kelebihan daya saingnya di persekitarannya. Mutasi yang bermanfaat dapat diteruskan ke generasi baru, yang mengumpulkan genom yang lebih rendah. Itu adalah pilihan semula jadi.

Proses ini berlaku pada tahap glasial dalam bentuk kehidupan yang paling kita kenal (katakan mamalia) kerana pembiakan memerlukan masa bertahun-tahun. Virus mereplikasi dalam beberapa jam hingga beberapa hari, dan lebih khusus lagi, virus RNA sehelai helai (yang mana coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, adalah satu) mereplikasi lebih cepat daripada virus lain.

Virus yang menyandikan genom mereka dalam RNA, seperti SARS-CoV-2, HIV dan influenza, cenderung mengambil mutasi dengan cepat ketika disalin di dalam host mereka, kerana enzim yang menyalin RNA cenderung melakukan kesalahan.

Nature.com, 09/08/2020, “Coronavirus bermutasi – adakah itu penting?”

Varian baru Sars-CoV-2 yang muncul dari UK, Afrika Selatan, dan Brazil belum menjadi dominan di A.S. Pada 7 Februari, satu kajian melaporkan bahawa varian UK yang lebih mudah ditransmisikan kini “menyebar dengan cepat di A.S.” Ia boleh menjadi tekanan yang dominan pada akhir Mac. Kementerian kesihatan Itali mengatakan pada 12 Februari bahawa varian UK merangkumi 17.8% kes dan kemungkinan akan berleluasa dalam beberapa bulan mendatang. Varian Afrika Selatan dan Brazil yang lemah vaksin dikesan di A.S. pada bulan Januari. Kini terdapat beberapa kes yang terdapat di A.S. Mereka mungkin akan mendapat daya tarikan seperti yang berlaku di negara asalnya. Proses ini memakan masa berbulan-bulan.

Kadar Gelombang COVID-19, Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar

Varian Baru

Varian yang dikesan baru-baru ini di UK dan Afrika Selatan mempunyai beberapa perubahan baru dalam gen spike-protein mereka.

Para saintis berpendapat satu mutasi varian ini dapat membantu virus melekat dan memasuki sel. Varian yang baru dikesan dari Brazil berkongsi mutasi spike-protein utama dengan yang berasal dari Afrika Selatan.

“Apa yang kita lihat adalah apa yang kita harapkan. Protein permukaan virus berada di bawah tekanan yang luar biasa untuk berubah. ” – Sean Whelan, ahli virologi di Washington University di St. Louis.

“Semua virus yang betul-betul peduli membiak. Sekiranya ia dapat masuk ke dalam sel [host] dan mengelakkan sistem kekebalan host itu, ia akan berlipat ganda. Sama ada ia menyebabkan penyakit itu adalah persoalan yang berbeza. ”

Beberapa saintis bimbang varian Afrika Selatan lebih baik untuk menghindari antibodi yang dihasilkan sebagai tindak balas terhadap jangkitan dan vaksinasi semula jadi. Anggaran awal menunjukkan varian dari UK 50% -70% lebih mudah ditularkan daripada versi virus sebelumnya. Dan saintis UK baru-baru ini mengatakan bahawa data awal menunjukkan bahawa ia juga boleh membawa maut.

Varian yang terdapat di UK dan Afrika Selatan telah menjadi jenis dominan di negara-negara di mana ia pertama kali dikesan.

Kadar Gelombang COVID-19, Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar

Sumber Carta: Wall Street Journal

Kadar Gelombang COVID-19, Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar

Evolusi Selari

Varian dari UK telah tersebar luas di luar negara. Hingga akhir Januari, telah dilaporkan di 70 negara dan wilayah. Varian dari Afrika Selatan telah dilaporkan di lebih dari 30, sementara varian UK dikesan di lebih dari dua lusin negeri A.S. hingga akhir Januari. Pusat Pengendalian dan Pencegahan Penyakit diproyeksikan dapat menjadi tekanan domestik yang dominan pada pertengahan hingga akhir bulan Mac kecuali langkah-langkah diambil untuk memperlambatnya. Varian yang pertama kali dijumpai di Afrika Selatan dan Brazil juga telah dikesan di A.S.

WSJ, 01/30/2021, “Bagaimana Mutasi Coronavirus Beralih”

Mengehadkan perjalanan antara benua mungkin menghalang varian ini untuk tidak berjalan, tetapi ada kerutan lain untuk ini. Dalam biologi, evolusi konvergen atau selari adalah fenomena yang biasa tetapi bertentangan dengan intuisi. Keturunan bebas dari entiti biologi dapat mencapai penyelesaian kecergasan evolusi yang serupa tanpa interaksi antara mereka. Kesamaan antara glider gula (marsupial dari Australia) dan tupai terbang (mamalia dari Amerika Utara) adalah contohnya (gambar di bawah).

Kadar Gelombang COVID-19, Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar

Sumber Imej: Getty / Encyclopedia Brittanica / UIG


Fenomena yang sama berlaku dengan mutasi Sars-CoV-2. Mutasi kritikal dari varian UK (N501Y) dan mutasi yang dikongsi oleh varian Afrika Selatan dan Brazil (E484K) muncul secara bebas pada pesakit Boston COVID-19 yang kini meninggal dunia dengan jangkitan berterusan yang berpanjangan. Terdapat petikan dari kisah Radio Awam Nasional di bawah. Tetapi bagi mereka yang berminat, ini adalah bacaan menarik (atau dengar) yang terdapat di pautan di bawah:

Li dan rakan-rakannya menerbitkan penemuan mereka dalam The New England Journal of Medicine pada awal November 2020 dengan sedikit semangat. Kemudian kira-kira sebulan kemudian, wabak itu mengejutkan – dan kes aneh di Boston ini menjadi penting baru.

Para saintis di UK dan Afrika Selatan mengumumkan bahawa mereka telah mengesan varian baru dari coronavirus. Varian ini menyebabkan lonjakan besar COVID-19 di negara-negara ini.

Semasa penyelidik melihat gen varian ini, teka apa yang mereka dapati? Sekumpulan mutasi yang sangat mirip dengan mutasi yang terdapat pada virus dari pesakit Boston. Kumpulan mutasi tidak sama persis, tetapi mereka mempunyai ciri penting. Mereka berdua mempunyai sekitar 20 mutasi, dan mereka berkongsi beberapa kunci, termasuk mutasi (N501Y) yang diketahui dapat membantu virus mengikat lebih ketat ke sel manusia dan satu lagi mutasi (E484K) yang diketahui dapat membantu virus menghindari pengesanan antibodi.

Radio Awam Nasional, 2/5/2021, “Pesakit Luar Biasa Menawarkan Petunjuk Mengejutkan kepada Asal Varian Coronavirus”

Virus ini dapat mengoptimumkan dirinya kepada mutasi yang diketahui tanpa menyebar secara geografi, melemahkan kekuatan sekatan perjalanan.

Kadar Gelombang COVID-19, Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar

Varian Baru Akan Muncul

Virus ini baru berusia lebih dari satu tahun di planet kiasan baru “manusia” dan masih berusaha mencari evolusi yang paling sesuai. Anggapan yang selamat adalah bahawa lebih banyak varian akan muncul.

“Lihat, akan ada keseluruhan rangkaian varian baru ini. Virus berpindah antara spesies. Ia berpindah dari hujung pangolin dan ke manusia. Dan mesti menyesuaikan diri dengan manusia. Apa yang kita lihat sekarang adalah semakin baik dan lebih baik dan lebih efisien dalam hidup manusia. Dan bahawa kita dapat melihat sekumpulan mutasi lain yang semakin hampir. Jadi, saya rasa kita tidak boleh mengatakan ‘ahh, sekarang kita tahu bagaimana bentuk mutasi.’ Kita tidak tahu. Akan ada sekumpulan yang lain. ”

Berita Saluran 4 UK, 24/01/2021, Temu ramah dengan Ahli Virologi Terkenal Sir John Bell

Walaupun rancangan vaksinasi untuk orang dewasa di dunia maju semakin meningkat, dunia berkembang dan kanak-kanak kurang jelas. Selagi virus itu beredar pada manusia di mana sahaja, ia akan menemui pengoptimuman baru yang mungkin memerlukan perubahan vaksin.

Jangkitan yang semakin berleluasa kekal di peringkat global, semakin banyak mutasi yang berlaku. Sejumlah kes yang berlanjutan di negara-negara miskin berisiko melahirkan strain tahan yang memaksa ekonomi yang lebih kaya untuk menutup dan mula melakukan vaksinasi lagi.

Financial Times, 02/05/2021, “Perlumbaan global antara vaksin dan mutasi”

Secara keseluruhan, ada kemungkinan dunia akan mengalami sekurang-kurangnya satu gelombang jangkitan yang lebih teruk pada musim bunga dan musim panas ini – gelombang keempat – sebelum yang diinokulasi dan dijangkiti sebelumnya dapat menyingkirkan mereka yang tidak mempunyai perlindungan. Vaksinasi semula (gambar penggalak) untuk varian baru menambah jangka masa ini.

Harga Akan Turun Secara Dramatik

Itu bukan hari kiamat, tetapi sekurang-kurangnya, ia memanjangkan masa sehingga industri yang rosak (hospitaliti, hiburan) berpeluang pulih. Sejauh ini, pasaran terus mempercayai bahawa pandemi itu merupakan keuntungan bersih bagi perniagaan besar di seluruh dunia (tertinggi sepanjang masa di syarikat awam, lihat di bawah).

Kadar Gelombang COVID-19, Eric Hickman: Gelombang ke-4 COVID-19 Akan Menurunkan Kadar Ke Sifar

Penjelasan untuk ini adalah bahawa hanya syarikat kecil dan bukan awam yang berjuang.

Itu tidak masuk akal.

Wabak ini akan mengorbankan syarikat awam dunia secara keseluruhan pada satu ketika. Saya menulis sembilan bulan yang lalu bahawa “COVID-19 Defies Hyperbole.” Walaupun pasaran berisiko meningkat ketika saya mencadangkan mereka akan turun, saya tetap menepati ramalan saya. Suntikan fiskal dan kewangan yang tepat menyebabkan penguncupan yang lebih mendalam. Namun, adalah khayalan untuk berfikir bahawa kita akan keluar dari ini secara percuma – terutamanya dalam ekonomi dunia yang sudah lama berlaku penarikan.

Walaupun tanpa gelombang COVID-19 yang keempat, kesan negatif terhadap pekerjaan, sewa, permintaan pengguna, hasil cukai, dan segmen ekonomi keseluruhan (perhotelan, hiburan) belum dapat dipertimbangkan secara serius. Seiring dengan itu, pasaran berisiko (saham, komoditi, mata wang kripto, rumah, dan mata wang bukan G-7) akan menurun, dan hasil Perbendaharaan A.S. jangka panjang akan turun secara mendadak.

Eric Hickman adalah presiden Kessler Investment Advisors, Inc., sebuah firma penasihat yang terletak di Denver, Colorado, yang mengkhusus dalam bon Perbendaharaan A.S.

Covid-19: politicisation, “corruption,” and suppression of science

👇English and Malay language

Covid-19: politicisation, “corruption,” and suppression of science

When good science is suppressed by the medical-political complex, people die

Politicians and governments are suppressing science. They do so in the public interest, they say, to accelerate availability of diagnostics and treatments. They do so to support innovation, to bring products to market at unprecedented speed. Both of these reasons are partly plausible; the greatest deceptions are founded in a grain of truth. But the underlying behaviour is troubling.

Science is being suppressed for political and financial gain. Covid-19 has unleashed state corruption on a grand scale, and it is harmful to public health.1 Politicians and industry are responsible for this opportunistic embezzlement. So too are scientists and health experts. The pandemic has revealed how the medical-political complex can be manipulated in an emergency—a time when it is even more important to safeguard science.

The UK’s pandemic response provides at least four examples of suppression of science or scientists. First, the membership, research, and deliberations of the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) were initially secret until a press leak forced transparency.2 The leak revealed inappropriate involvement of government advisers in SAGE, while exposing under-representation from public health, clinical care, women, and ethnic minorities. Indeed, the government was also recently ordered to release a 2016 report on deficiencies in pandemic preparedness, Operation Cygnus, following a verdict from the Information Commissioner’s Office.34

Next, a Public Health England report on covid-19 and inequalities. The report’s publication was delayed by England’s Department of Health; a section on ethnic minorities was initially withheld and then, following a public outcry, was published as part of a follow-up report.56 Authors from Public Health England were instructed not to talk to the media. Third, on 15 October, the editor of the Lancet complained that an author of a research paper, a UK government scientist, was blocked by the government from speaking to media because of a “difficult political landscape.”7

Now, a new example concerns the controversy over point-of-care antibody testing for covid-19.8 The prime minister’s Operation Moonshot depends on immediate and wide availability of accurate rapid diagnostic tests.9 It also depends on the questionable logic of mass screening—currently being trialled in Liverpool with a suboptimal PCR test.1011

The incident relates to research published this week by The BMJ, which finds that the government procured an antibody test that in real world tests falls well short of performance claims made by its manufacturers.1213 Researchers from Public Health England and collaborating institutions sensibly pushed to publish their study findings before the government committed to buying a million of these tests but were blocked by the health department and the prime minister’s office.14 Why was it important to procure this product without due scrutiny? Prior publication of research on a preprint server or a government website is compatible with The BMJ’s publication policy. As if to prove a point, Public Health England then unsuccessfully attempted to block The BMJ’s press release about the research paper.

Politicians often claim to follow the science, but that is a misleading oversimplification. Science is rarely absolute. It rarely applies to every setting or every population. It doesn’t make sense to slavishly follow science or evidence. A better approach is for politicians, the publicly appointed decision makers, to be informed and guided by science when they decide policy for their public. But even that approach retains public and professional trust only if science is available for scrutiny and free of political interference, and if the system is transparent and not compromised by conflicts of interest.

Suppression of science and scientists is not new or a peculiarly British phenomenon. In the US, President Trump’s government manipulated the Food and Drug Administration to hastily approve unproved drugs such as hydroxychloroquine and remdesivir.15 Globally, people, policies, and procurement are being corrupted by political and commercial agendas.16

The UK’s pandemic response relies too heavily on scientists and other government appointees with worrying competing interests, including shareholdings in companies that manufacture covid-19 diagnostic tests, treatments, and vaccines.17 Government appointees are able to ignore or cherry pick science—another form of misuse—and indulge in anti-competitive practices that favour their own products and those of friends and associates.18

How might science be safeguarded in these exceptional times? The first step is full disclosure of competing interests from government, politicians, scientific advisers, and appointees, such as the heads of test and trace, diagnostic test procurement, and vaccine delivery. The next step is full transparency about decision making systems, processes, and knowing who is accountable for what.

Once transparency and accountability are established as norms, individuals employed by government should ideally only work in areas unrelated to their competing interests. Expertise is possible without competing interests. If such a strict rule becomes impractical, minimum good practice is that people with competing interests must not be involved in decisions on products and policies in which they have a financial interest.

Governments and industry must also stop announcing critical science policy by press release. Such ill judged moves leave science, the media, and stock markets vulnerable to manipulation. Clear, open, and advance publication of the scientific basis for policy, procurements, and wonder drugs is a fundamental requirement.19

The stakes are high for politicians, scientific advisers, and government appointees. Their careers and bank balances may hinge on the decisions that they make. But they have a higher responsibility and duty to the public. Science is a public good. It doesn’t need to be followed blindly, but it does need to be fairly considered. Importantly, suppressing science, whether by delaying publication, cherry picking favourable research, or gagging scientists, is a danger to public health, causing deaths by exposing people to unsafe or ineffective interventions and preventing them from benefiting from better ones. When entangled with commercial decisions it is also maladministration of taxpayers’ money.

Politicisation of science was enthusiastically deployed by some of history’s worst autocrats and dictators, and it is now regrettably commonplace in democracies.20 The medical-political complex tends towards suppression of science to aggrandise and enrich those in power. And, as the powerful become more successful, richer, and further intoxicated with power, the inconvenient truths of science are suppressed. When good science is suppressed, people die.


  1. Geoghegan P. Cronyism and clientelism. London Review of Books 2020 Nov 5. https://www.lrb.co.uk/the-paper/v42/n21/peter-geoghegan/cronyism-and-clientelism
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  15. Cohen K, Kupferschmidt K. The “very, very bad look” of remdesivir, the first FDA-approved COVID-19 drug. Science 2020 Oct 28. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/10/very-very-bad-look-remdesivir-first-fda-approved-covid-19-drug
  16. Transparency International. Corruption and covid-19—the story so far. 8 Jul 2020. https://www.transparency.org.uk/corruption-coronavirus-covid-19-latest
  17. Ennals E. Government test tsar has £770,000 shares in drugs firm that sold us £13million of “pointless” antibody screening kits—after it emerged that Sir Patrick Vallance has a financial interest in company racing to find vaccine. Daily Mail 2020 Sep 26. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8776339/Test-tsar-770-000-shares-firm-sold-13million-pointless-antibody-screening-kits.html
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Link to the paper

Covid-19: politicisation, “corruption,” and suppression of science

Covid-19: politicisation, “corruption,” and suppression of science
— Read on fos-sa.org/2021/02/19/covid-19-politicisation-corruption-and-suppression-of-science/

Covid-19: politik, “rasuah,” dan penindasan sains

FOS-SAF 19 Februari 2021 Tidak Dikategorikan

Covid-19: politik, “rasuah,” dan penindasan sains

Apabila sains yang baik ditindas oleh kompleks perubatan-politik, orang mati

Ahli politik dan pemerintah menekan sains. Mereka melakukannya demi kepentingan umum, kata mereka, untuk mempercepat ketersediaan diagnostik dan rawatan. Mereka melakukannya untuk menyokong inovasi, membawa produk ke pasaran dengan kecepatan yang belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya. Kedua-dua sebab ini sebahagiannya masuk akal; penipuan terbesar didirikan dalam sebilangan kebenaran. Tetapi tingkah laku yang mendasari membimbangkan.

Sains sedang ditekan untuk keuntungan politik dan kewangan. Covid-19 telah melakukan korupsi negara secara besar-besaran, dan ini membahayakan kesihatan awam.1 Ahli politik dan industri bertanggungjawab untuk penggelapan oportunistik ini. Begitu juga saintis dan pakar kesihatan. Pandemi itu telah mengungkapkan bagaimana kompleks perubatan-politik dapat dimanipulasi dalam keadaan darurat — suatu ketika di mana lebih penting lagi untuk melindungi sains.

Tindak balas pandemi di UK memberikan sekurang-kurangnya empat contoh penekanan sains atau saintis. Pertama, keanggotaan, penyelidikan, dan pertimbangan Kumpulan Penasihat Ilmiah untuk Darurat (SAGE) pada mulanya dirahsiakan sehingga kebocoran akhbar memaksa ketelusan.2 Kebocoran tersebut menunjukkan penglibatan penasihat pemerintah yang tidak sesuai dalam SAGE, sambil mendedahkan perwakilan yang kurang baik dari kesihatan awam, rawatan klinikal, wanita, dan etnik minoriti. Malah, pemerintah juga baru-baru ini diperintahkan untuk melepaskan laporan 2016 mengenai kekurangan dalam kesiapsiagaan wabak, Operasi Cygnus, setelah keputusan dari Pejabat Pesuruhjaya Penerangan.34

Seterusnya, laporan Public Health England mengenai covid-19 dan ketaksamaan. Penerbitan laporan ditangguhkan oleh Jabatan Kesihatan England; satu bahagian mengenai etnik minoriti pada mulanya ditahan dan kemudian, setelah ada protes orang ramai, diterbitkan sebagai sebahagian daripada laporan susulan.56 Pengarang dari Public Health England diarahkan untuk tidak bercakap dengan media. Ketiga, pada 15 Oktober, editor Lancet mengadu bahawa seorang pengarang makalah penyelidikan, seorang saintis pemerintah Inggeris, dihalang oleh pemerintah untuk berbicara dengan media kerana “lanskap politik yang sukar.” 7

Sekarang, contoh baru berkenaan kontroversi mengenai ujian antibodi titik penjagaan untuk covid-19.8 Operasi Moonshot perdana menteri bergantung pada ketersediaan ujian diagnostik cepat yang tepat dan luas.9 Ia juga bergantung pada logik penyaringan massa yang dipersoalkan — ketika ini dicuba di Liverpool dengan ujian PCR suboptimal.1011

Kejadian itu berkaitan dengan penyelidikan yang diterbitkan minggu ini oleh The BMJ, yang mendapati bahawa pemerintah melakukan ujian antibodi bahawa dalam ujian dunia nyata jauh lebih rendah daripada tuntutan prestasi yang dibuat oleh pengeluarnya. 1213 Penyelidik dari Public Health England dan institusi kolaborasi didorong untuk menerbitkan hasil kajian mereka sebelum kerajaan bertekad untuk membeli sejuta ujian ini tetapi disekat oleh jabatan kesihatan dan pejabat perdana menteri.14 Mengapakah penting untuk mendapatkan produk ini tanpa pemeriksaan yang sewajarnya? Penerbitan penyelidikan sebelumnya di pelayan prabayar atau laman web kerajaan sesuai dengan dasar penerbitan The BMJ. Seolah-olah membuktikan satu titik, Public Health England tidak berjaya menyekat siaran akhbar The BMJ mengenai makalah penyelidikan.

Ahli politik sering mengaku mengikuti sains, tetapi itu adalah penyederhanaan yang menyesatkan. Sains jarang mutlak. Ia jarang berlaku untuk setiap keadaan atau setiap populasi. Tidak masuk akal untuk mengikuti sains atau bukti. Pendekatan yang lebih baik adalah untuk ahli politik, pembuat keputusan yang dilantik secara terbuka, untuk diberitahu dan dipandu oleh sains ketika mereka memutuskan dasar untuk masyarakat mereka. Tetapi pendekatan itu mengekalkan kepercayaan masyarakat dan profesional hanya jika sains tersedia untuk diteliti dan bebas dari campur tangan politik, dan jika sistemnya telus dan tidak terganggu oleh konflik kepentingan.

Penindasan sains dan saintis bukanlah perkara baru atau fenomena khas Britain. Di AS, pemerintah Presiden Trump memanipulasi Pentadbiran Makanan dan Dadah untuk dengan pantas meluluskan ubat yang tidak terbukti seperti hidroksiklorokuin dan remdesivir.15 Di peringkat global, orang, dasar, dan perolehan dirosakkan oleh agenda politik dan komersial.16

Tindak balas pandemi Inggeris sangat bergantung pada saintis dan pegawai kerajaan yang lain dengan kepentingan bersaing yang membimbangkan, termasuk pemegangan saham di syarikat yang mengeluarkan ujian, rawatan, dan vaksin diagnostik covid-19. menyalahgunakan – dan menikmati amalan anti persaingan yang menggemari produk mereka sendiri dan produk rakan dan rakan sekutu.18

Bagaimana sains dapat dilindungi pada masa-masa luar biasa ini? Langkah pertama adalah pendedahan penuh kepentingan yang bersaing dari pemerintah, ahli politik, penasihat ilmiah, dan orang yang dilantik, seperti ketua ujian dan jejak, pemerolehan ujian diagnostik, dan pemberian vaksin. Langkah seterusnya adalah ketelusan sepenuhnya mengenai sistem, proses, dan membuat keputusan, dan mengetahui siapa yang bertanggungjawab untuk apa.

Setelah ketelusan dan pertanggungjawaban ditetapkan sebagai norma, individu yang diambil bekerja oleh pemerintah seharusnya idealnya hanya bekerja di bidang yang tidak berkaitan dengan kepentingan bersaing mereka. Kepakaran dapat dilakukan tanpa bersaing. Sekiranya peraturan yang ketat itu menjadi tidak praktikal, amalan baik minimum adalah bahawa orang yang mempunyai kepentingan bersaing tidak boleh terlibat dalam keputusan mengenai produk dan polisi di mana mereka mempunyai kepentingan kewangan.

Kerajaan dan industri juga harus berhenti mengumumkan dasar sains kritikal dengan siaran akhbar. Pergerakan yang tidak dinilai seperti itu meninggalkan sains, media, dan pasaran saham terdedah kepada manipulasi. Penerbitan yang jelas, terbuka, dan lebih awal mengenai dasar ilmiah untuk polisi, perolehan, dan ubat-ubatan yang mengagumkan adalah keperluan asas.19

Taruhannya tinggi bagi ahli politik, penasihat ilmiah, dan pelantikan pemerintah. Kerjaya dan baki bank mereka mungkin bergantung pada keputusan yang mereka buat. Tetapi mereka mempunyai tanggungjawab dan tugas yang lebih tinggi kepada masyarakat. Sains adalah kebaikan awam. Ia tidak perlu diikuti secara membuta tuli, tetapi perlu dipertimbangkan secara adil. Yang penting, menekan sains, sama ada dengan melambatkan penerbitan, memilih penyelidikan ceri, atau menyumpah saintis, adalah bahaya bagi kesihatan awam, menyebabkan kematian dengan mendedahkan orang kepada campur tangan yang tidak selamat atau tidak berkesan dan mencegah mereka mendapat manfaat daripada yang lebih baik. Apabila terjerat dengan keputusan komersial, ia juga salah mengurus wang pembayar cukai.

Politikisasi sains digembar-gemburkan oleh beberapa autokrat dan diktator terburuk dalam sejarah, dan kini sangat biasa berlaku di negara demokrasi.20 Kompleks perubatan-politik cenderung menekan sains untuk meningkatkan dan memperkaya mereka yang berkuasa. Dan, ketika yang berkuasa menjadi lebih berjaya, lebih kaya, dan semakin mabuk dengan kekuatan, kebenaran sains yang menyusahkan ditekan. Apabila sains yang baik ditekan, orang mati.


↵Geoghegan P. Kronisme dan keperibadian pelanggan. Kajian Buku London 2020 5 Nov. https://www.lrb.co.uk/the-paper/v42/n21/peter-geoghegan/cronyism-and-clientelism

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HealthPublic Health England. Ketidakseimbangan dalam risiko dan hasil COVID-19. 2020. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/908434/Disparities_in_the_risk_and_outcome_of_COVID_August_2020_update.pdf

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CDC Reports Of Post Vaccine Deaths – Freedom Of Speech

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-22qfU2NNKc&feature=emb_title By jobod92 Pfizer and Moderna. All symptoms are listed, that’s why some IDs appear multiple times. This is the web address; but that page has been down for a couple of days now. https://wonder.cdc.gov/vaers.html 20.00 GMT 27/1/2021 the website is back up. Immediately after this video I made one showing how I used the…
— Read on fos-sa.org/2021/01/29/cdc-wonder-reports-of-death-up-to-22-1-2021/